Ludlow 38 Archive

In Perspective: MINI/Goethe-Institut Curatorial Residencies Ludlow 38 (2011–2019)

Ludlow 38

Ludlow 38

Candice Lin: Spice

Jun 22–Jul 28, 2019

Goethe-Institut Curatorial Residencies Ludlow 38 is pleased to present Spice, the first solo exhibition of Los Angeles–based artist Candice Lin in New York.

Spice resembles a shop that specializes in the sale of obscure packages of herbs. The installation reflects on the histories and peculiarities relating to fictions of authenticity in racial representation specific to the area surrounding the gallery space in the Lower East Side and Chinatown. Reaching back to theatrical tourism of staged opium dens in Chinatown in the 19th and early 20th century, Spice looks at how histories of colonialism correlate with prevailing assumptions of purity and intoxication. 

Lin juxtaposes nonlinear and seemingly disconnected narratives, such as the synthetic cannabinoidsso-called K2 or Spice, the Opium Wars, and 19th-century Asian contract laborers brought to the U.S., and the Caribbean known as “coolies.” In an effort to denaturalize language and materials and foster porosity between bodies, temporalities, and concepts, the artist stages and narrates various processes of contamination.

The sparse installation in Spice is centered around a pegboard display of hanging colored pouches that contain plants and convey both fictionalized and factual information about histories of drugs, migration, and disease. The packages mirror those of synthetic cannabinoids, which were legally available in stores until their use became criminalized in the mid-2000s, when President Obama passed the Synthetic Drug Prevention Act. Lin draws inspiration from the original packaging of K2 and Spice, which used cartoonish and flashy graphics to solicit juvenile consumers. However, in lieu of an ingredients list, on the back of Lin’s pouches is a fragmented science fiction text, written by the artist, about a viral epidemic resembling addiction, narrated from the point of view of the virus. Both the imagery and the story’s content point to the Orientalized histories of certain substances and diseases, as well as these histories’ manifestations in the present. Similar to the language surrounding  the opium trade of the 19th and 20th centuries, as well as the opioid crisis of today, these synthetic drugs—many of them given names like “Ninja” and “Bombay Blue”—are often construed as an Asiatic threat to vulnerable, predominantly white Americans.

Cast in a dim reddish light, the back gallery space is transformed into a storage room, where, amongst stacks of boxes and cleaning supplies, is a table supporting a glass distillation system. In a flask, a murky brown liquid comprising tobacco, sugar, poppies, and hemp quietly boils into a clear distillate that drips slowly into a plastic bucket below. The mixture’s materials invoke latent colonial histories while the scientific hardware used triggers associations with “cheap basement labs . . .  in China or Russia.” This act of endless distillation recirculates memories, forgotten histories, and fictive representations.


Candice Lin was born in 1979 in Concord, Massachusetts, and has lived and worked in Los Angeles since 2005. Her recent solo exhibitions include the exhibition cycle “A Hard White Body” at Bétonsalon – Centre d’art et de recherche, Paris; Portikus, Frankfurt am Main; and the Reva and David Logan Center for the Arts, University of Chicago; as well as solo exhibitions at François Ghebaly, Los Angeles; Gasworks, London; and 18th Street Arts Center, Los Angeles. Her work is currently on view in group shows around the world including Para Site, Hong Kong; Institute of Contemporary Arts: ICA, London; Ballroom Marfa; and Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. Lin has been included in prominent recent group exhibitions including the 2018 Taipei Biennial; the 2018 Athens Biennial; Made in L.A. 2018, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles; New Museum, New York; Sharjah Biennial 13, 2017, Beirut; and SculptureCenter, New York.


Curated by: Franziska Sophie Wildförster

Assistant: Elisa Thorwarth


Opening: Saturday, June 22, 6–9pm.


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